When treating acromegaly, your healthcare professional is most concerned with managing the disease to preserve your overall health.
- Surgery – The goal of surgical treatment for acromegaly is to remove the pituitary tumor, reducing the associated symptoms such as headache, and normalize GH and IGF-1 levels. This type of surgery is called transsphenoidal. With this type of procedure, the surgeon reaches the pituitary through the nose (transnasal) or through an incision in the upper lip (translabial) and is able to remove the tumor, relieving pressure and immediately reducing GH levels.
- Medical Therapy – There are different medical treatments used to treat acromegaly. Your doctor can tell you about how each of them works.
- Radiation Therapy – Radiation is most commonly used as adjuvant therapy (following surgery) in those cases where some tumor is still present and medications are not controlling the progression of acromegaly. The full effect of this therapy may not occur for many years.
Everyone responds to treatment differently, so you and your health care professional should work together to determine which treatment option or combination of approaches is right for you.